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Image Index > Athletic Scenes > Effeminate Trainer Watches Manly Wrestlers

A tall, long-haired, effeminate looking trainer or umpire in a brightly decorated robe watches two pairs of wrestlers. He holds a rose up to his nose, as if to express that his witnessing the spectacle is a sensual delight like appreciating a flower. In the couple on the right, we see a hefty unbearded youth lift up a thinner bearded man, who looks out at us, as if appealing for help. This suggests that age did not always confer a position of dominance in such encounters.

Artist Andocides Painter
Date c. 525 BCE
Museum and Inventory Number Berlin, Antikensammlung F2159
References and Publications ARV2 428.13
E. Simon and M Hirmer, Die griechischen Vasen (Munich 1976) 81-5
M. F. Kilmer, Greek Erotica on Attic Red-figure Vases (London 1993) R4
T. K. Hubbard, . "Pindar, Theoxenus, and the Homoerotic Eye." Arethusa (2002) 35: 280-83
T. K. Hubbard, "Sex in the Gym: Athletic Trainers and Pedagogical Pederasty," Intetexts 7 (2003) 15-16
J. Boardman, Athenian Red Figure Vases: The Archaic Period. (London 1975), Fig. 3.
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This website makes available to the public the first two chapters of Homosexuality in Greece and Rome: A Sourcebook of Basic Documents, edited by Thomas K. Hubbard and published by University of California Press in April 2003. The index also lists the rest of the sourcebook's contents; the book may be ordered at, list price $34.95 paperback. In addition, a file of close to 200 pertinent artistic images is assembled, including those published in the sourcebook and many others. Acknowledgement is made to University of California Press for permission to reproduce this material, as well as to the various museums that have granted permission to use their photographic images. Comments may be directed to Prof. Hubbard at