There has been a Jewish presence in Greece since antiquity. Trace communities of the original Romaniotes, or Greek-speaking Jewish population, were mostly absorbed culturally into the far more numerous Sephardic Jewish community that came to the Greek lands under Ottoman rule after expulsion from Spain in 1492. Though small communities were found in other Greek towns, Salonica (now Thessaloniki) had by far the largest concentration of Jews within Ottoman Greece, some 61,000 by 1913, the year the city was transferred to Greek rule. The Jewish population of Greece reached about 93,000 people on the eve of World War II, but the bulk of Greek Jews – in particular most of the Jews of Thessaloniki – were deported by occupying German forces. Today about 5,000 Jews live in Greece, 1,300 of them reside in Thessaloniki.