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The KUT Longhorn Radio Network Presents: Mexican American Experience Collection

Audio recordings including interviews, music, and informational programs related to the Mexican American community and their concerns in the series "The Mexican American Experience" and "A esta hora conversamos" from the Longhorn Radio Network, 1976-1982.

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PROGRAM INFO

Title:
The Treaty Of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Program #
1977-04
Themes:
Identity, Politics

Series:
History
Host:
Richard Goodman
Guest:
Richard Goodman
Date:
Jan 14, 1977

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Host Richard Goodman discusses the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and how it affected Chicanos in the southwestern United States. The Treaty, which delegates from Mexico and the United States signed in 1848, officially ended the Mexican American War and ceded to the United States over half of Mexico’s territory in what is today the southwestern U.S.

Almost from its inception, the treaty has been plagued by problems. Early on people from both sides questioned its legality and authority, since the U.S. secretary of state had told its peace commissioner to stop negotiations but he continued until the Mexicans had agreed to the treaty. Moreover, the treaty had people from both nations uneasy. Mexicans were concerned for the security of their citizens in the Southwest, while some Americans wanted still more land.

Mexican concerns for the security of their land proved to be well founded as the treaty ushered in decades of land seizures, squatting and violence from the Anglo settlers who felt their victory in the war entitled them to Mexican-owned land. Despite treaty guarantees, many Mexicans were forced off their land by laws and courts prejudiced against them. Within decades Mexican Americans went from holding a clear majority of the land in the region, to owning almost none at all.

 

Center for Mexican American Studies | Department of History | The Benson Latin American Collection

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