Onda Latina

The KUT Longhorn Radio Network Presents: Mexican American Experience Collection

Audio recordings including interviews, music, and informational programs related to the Mexican American community and their concerns in the series "The Mexican American Experience" and "A esta hora conversamos" from the Longhorn Radio Network, 1976-1982.

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PROGRAM INFO

Title:
Women In The Mexican Revolution
Program #
1981-30
Theme:
Identity

Series:
Historical Figures, Women's Issues
Host:
Linda Fregoso
Guests:
Marta Cotera, Shirlene Soto
Date:
Apr 2, 1981

Women in the Mexican Revolution

Historian Shirlene Soto discusses the role of women who participated in the Mexican Revolution, and the writer Marta Cotera discusses the legacy of one such woman, La Adelita, and what she symbolizes for the Chicano community. Soto first discusses the historiography of women in the Mexican Revolution. She explains that traditionally historians have ignored women’s participation in wars, and female historians are now uncovering their contributions. Her work has found that during the Mexican Revolution, women from all class and ideological backgrounds participated in the war effort, from producing materials to working as nurses and fighting alongside men. Other women spoke on lecture circuits and wrote propaganda. Many women also served as soldaderas who traveled with the troops, fighting with their partners and providing them with food and other provisions, while simultaneously raising their children.

These soldaderas have been memorialized in literature and song. The heroine of the corrido, La Adelita, in particular, has come to symbolize the role of women in the revolution. Cotera then discusses the symbolic power of the La Adelita. Cotera explains that La Adelita is an archetype of the female leader who defends her people, and which originated in pre-colonial times with the Toltec queen, Xochitl, and has been embodied by all of the women who fought during the War for Independence and the Mexican Revolution. La Adelita has also inspired the Chicano Movement and spurred women like Emma Tenayuca and Dolores Huerta to continue fighting on behalf of their community.

 

Center for Mexican American Studies | Department of History | The Benson Latin American Collection

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