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The KUT Longhorn Radio Network Presents: Mexican American Experience Collection

Audio recordings including interviews, music, and informational programs related to the Mexican American community and their concerns in the series "The Mexican American Experience" and "A esta hora conversamos" from the Longhorn Radio Network, 1976-1982.

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Chicano Literature: Context And Controversy
Program #

Linda Fregoso
Elizabeth Ordoñez, Ida Maldonado, Jose Villarreal, Juan Rodriguez, Nicolas Kannelos, Rolando Hinojosa-Smith, Yolanda Julia Broyles
Dec 31, 1969

Chicano Literature: Context and Controversy

Linda Fregoso analyzes current tensions in Chicano literature with Chicano authors, poets, critics and publishers. The conversation first examines the decline of the Spanish-language press and the impact of Chicano publishing houses on the publication of self-consciously political literature by Chicano authors. The program ends with a contrast between the first Chicano generation of writers and what some of their advocates call the squeegee generation.

The first half of the show compares the conditions shaping the first wave of Chicano publishing to the English-based infrastructure shaping the literary production by movement writers in the middle of the Chicano movements. Linda Fregoso discusses the impact of the quinto sol publishing house with Jose Villareal, Ricardo Hinojosa-Smith and Dr. Elizabeth Ordoñez. She and Linda Fregoso point out that Chicana writers raise different themes than Chicano authors, and that gender inequality, and the contradictions of la familia ideology appear more central in the writings of Chicanas. Juan Rodriguez focuses on the presence of the mystic strain in American culture on indigenist writers like Carlos Castañeda and Rodolfo Anaya. Jose Villareal and Hinojosa-Smith dwell on the limited presence of literary criticism made on their literary ideals. Nicolas Kannelos also discusses the economies of scale necessary to publish and distribute 50,000 books to booksellers across the country. Nicholas Kannelos and HinoJosa Smith discussed the appearance of universal themes among Chicano writers as they tried to break into a wider market. Juan Rodriguez called this situation the squeegee process, as writers cleaned themselves up to appeal to Anglo-american publishing houses. Writers discussed include Estela Portillo, Tomas Rivera, Rolando Hinojosa Smith, Rudy Anaya, Gary Soto and Miguel Mendez.



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