Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation

Jeremy Bentham

Chapter 8, Footnote #03
Disjunctively Intentional vs. Unintentional

There is a difference between the case where an incident is altogether unintentional, and that in which, it being disjunctively intentional with reference to another, the preference is in favour of that other. In the first case, it is not the intention of the party that the incident in question should happen at all: in the latter case, the intention is rather that the other should happen: but if that cannot be, then that this in question should happen rather than that neither should, and that both, at any rate, should not happen.

All these are distinctions to be attended to in the use of the particle or: a particle of very ambiguous import, and of great importance in legislation. See Append. tit. [Composition].

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IPML Chapter 8: Of Intentionality