One is astonished that a writer of such consummate genius as Adam Smith should have fallen into this mistake; speaking of smuggling, he says: “The law, contrary to all the ordinary principles of justice, first creates the temptation, and then punishes those who yield to it; and it commonly enhances the punishment, too, in proportion to the very circumstance which ought certainly to alleviate it—the temptation to commit the crime.”—Wealth of Nations, b. 5, ch. ii.

RP Book 1 Chapter 6