Aware of this circumstance, the Roman lawyers have taken a distinction between the infamia facti and the infamia juris: the natural infamy resulting from the offense, and the artificial infamy produced through the means of the punishment by the law. See Heineccius, Elementa Juris Civilis Pand. l. 3. tit. 2. §399, whose explanation however is not very precise.

RP Book 3 Chapter 3 Section 1