The Rationale of Punishment
Of Privative Punishments, Or Forfeitures
THE MATRIMONIAL CONDITION.
The evils liable to be experienced by the husband from the forfeiture
of this condition consist in the loss of the pleasures belonging to
The pleasures, which are the principal objects in the institution
of marriage, may be divided into, 1st Pleasures of sense; and
2nd---Pleasures proceeding from the perception of an agreeable object,
which depends partly on the senses, and partly on the imagination.
The innumerable minor pleasures of all kinds resulting from those
inexigible services which belong to a husband's authority.
Notwithstanding their variety, they may be all of them comprised under
the head of pleasures of possession.
The pleasures resulting from the use of the property derived from
the wife: these belong to the same head as the preceding.
Where the wife has separate property, over which a power of
disposal is reserved to her, pleasure resulting from the hope of
becoming possessed of this part of her property. Pleasure of
expectation founded on the pleasures derivable from the possession of
The pleasure resulting from the persuasion of being beloved. This
affection producing a variety of uncompellable services, which have
all the charms of appearing to be spontaneous, as those that are the
result of friendship. These pleasures may be referred to the pleasures
of the moral sanction.
The pleasure resulting from the good repute of the wife which is
reflected upon the husband, and which has a natural tendency, as
honour derived from any other source, to conciliate to him the esteem
and goodwill of persons in general. This may also be referred to the
5pleasures arising from the moral sanction.
The pleasure of witnessing her happiness, and especially that part
of it which he is most instrumental in producing. This is the pleasure
of benevolence or goodwill.
The pleasure resulting from the several uncompellable services
received at the hands of the family of which he has become a
member. This may be referred to the pleasures of the moral sanction.
The pleasure of power, considered generally, independently of any
particular use that may be made of it, with which he is invested, in
virtue of the exclusive controul he possesses over the fund for reward
and punishment. This may be referred to the pleasures of the
The pleasure resulting from the condition of father. This we shall
have occasion to notice in considering the evils resulting from the
forfeiture of the condition of the father.
This same catalogue, with such slight variations, as the reader will
find no difficulty in making, is applicable to the condition of wife.
The task of coolly analysing and classifying feelings of this nature
may appear tedious, but it is not the less necessary if we would
estimate the amount of evil resulting from the loss of this condition.
[RP, Book III, Chapter V]
[RP, Book III, Chapter V, §2]