Tex's French Grammar
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simple future: irregular
page: taf3
1. irregular future stems
  2. future stems of verbs with spelling changes
  3. uses

The 'simple' future is so-named because it is a one-word tense. In other words, its formation is simple because there is no auxiliary. The stem of the simple future always ends with the letterr, which is the characteristic sound of the future and conditional tenses.

For a list of irregular verbs which form their future in the same way as regular verbs do, see future: regular.

irregular future stems
Some irregular verbs also have irregular future stems. Nevertheless, the future endings are the same for all verbs: -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont. The future stem for the verb être is ser- and the future stem for the verb avoir is aur-.

être  'to be'
je serai, I will be nous serons, we will be
tu seras, you will be vous serez, you will be
il, elle / on sera, he, she (it) / one will be ils / elles seront, they will be

avoir  'to have'
j'aurai, I will have nous aurons, we will have
tu auras, you will have vous aurez, you will have
il, elle / on aura, he, she (it) / one will have ils / elles auront, they will have

Here are the most common verbs that have irregular future stems:

infinitive stem future translation
aller ir- j'irai I will go
courir courr- je courrai I will run
devoir devr- je devrai I will be obliged to
envoyer enverr- j'enverrai I will send
faire fer- je ferai I will do
falloir faudr- il faudra it will be necessary
mourir mourr- je mourrai I will die
obtenir obtiendr- j'obtiendrai I will obtain
pleuvoir pleuvr- il pleuvra it will rain
pouvoir pourr- je pourrai I will be able
recevoir recevr- je recevrai I will receive
savoir saur- je saurai I will know
tenir tiendr- je tiendrai I will hold
venir viendr- je viendrai I will come
voir verr- je verrai I will see
vouloir voudr- je voudrai I will want

future stems of verbs with spelling changes
Verbs with spelling changes like appeler, employer, and acheter add -r to the present tense je form to create their future stems:

present tense stem future translation
j'appelle appeller- j'appellerai I will call
j'emploie emploier- j'emploierai I will use
j'achète achèter- j'achèterai I will buy

Other -er verbs verbs with spelling changes including préférer, manger, and commencer have regular future stems.

The simple future is used to refer to future events, that is, to make predictions. It is more formal than the immediate future, although both tenses may be used in most contexts. For further details, see future: usage.

certains iront vivre sur la lune!
Tammy est en train d'écrire un livre de science-fiction:   Tammy is writing a science-fiction book:
En l'an 3000, il ne pleuvra plus sur la planète Terre. Tout le monde aura très peur et des centaines de personnes mourront. Le sol deviendra stérile. Certains iront vivre sur la Lune. Les autres devront habiter sur Mars. Les villes terrestres seront totalement vides. Personne ne voudra croire qu'autrefois la vie sur la Terre était merveilleuse.   In the year 3000, it will not rain any longer on the planet Earth. Everybody will be very afraid and hundreds of people will die. The soil will become sterile. Some people will go to live on the Moon. Others will have to live on Mars. The cities on the Earth will be totally empty. No one will believe that once upon a time life on earth was wonderful.
Alors, Tex, tu aimes mon livre?   So, Tex, do you like my book?
Tex: Ah, ma pauvre Tammy, tu n'es pas douée ... C'est nul!   Tex: Ah, my poor Tammy, you are not talented ... It's hopeless!


fill in the blanks
Give the futur simple of the verb indicated in parentheses.
1. Tex et Tammy ______ la Tour Eiffel. (voir)

2. Tammy ______ toujours la cuisine. (faire)

3. Paw-Paw: Je ______ tout seul à Opelousas. (mourir)

4. Tex: J'______ beaucoup d'amirateurs. (avoir)

5. Tammy: Tex et moi, nous ______ très contents. (être)

6. Tex: Mes neveux, vous ______ en France, n'est-ce pas? (aller)

7. Tex: Tammy, tu ______ trop de vêtements. (acheter)

8. Tammy ______ des cadeaux aux neveux de Tex. (envoyer)

9. Joe-Bob ______ son dîplome. (ne pas obtenir)

10. Tammy: Tex, est-ce que tu ______ m'écrire souvent? (pouvoir)

11. Bette ______ tous les secrets de Tex. (savoir)

12. Tammy et Bette ______ des prix culinaires. (recevoir)

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