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Iron Age Celts: Hallstatt

Hallstatt, Austria.


Located in a seemingly inhospitable area, high in the Salzkammergut in Austria, Hallstatt was a thriving salt-mining and trading center in antiquity. The wealth in the Hallstatt- and La Tène-period tombs attests to the success of the enterprise. The finds from this site became eponymous for the period.

localized map
Localized on map.
Topography of Hallstatt on the  Hallstättersee
Topography, elevations, location of Hallstatt on the Hallstättersee,
modern and ancient mines, and cemeteries (dark grid).


Among the enormous number of finds from the salt mines and the cemetery at Hallstatt are wood and textile objects preserved in salt, pottery, bronze vessels, jewelry, wagons and weapons. The finds are in several museums, among them Hallstatt: Oberösterreichisches Landesmuseum; the vast majority of finds are in the Prähistorische Abteilung, Naturhistorisches Museum Wien (Vienna).

The sword scabbard dicussed here is atypical in that it is incised with a figural scene. The interpretation of the figures is not entirely clear.

bronze sword scabbard