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introduction to conjunctions
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A conjunction is a word used to link or 'conjoin' words or phrases into a coherent whole. There are two classes of conjunctions: coordinate and subordinate.

coordinating conjunctions
A coordinating conjunction 'coordinates' two equivalent elements in a sentence, that is, words belonging to the same grammatical category (nouns + nouns, verbs + verbs, independent clause + independent clause, etc.). The most commonly used coordinating conjunctions in French are:

mais but
ou or
et and
donc so, thus
or so, now
ni ... ni neither ... nor
car for
puis then

Edouard n'aime ni le barbecue ni les hamburgers.
Edouard likes neither barbecue nor hamburgers.
Tex fume des cigarettes et boit du vin rouge. Tex smokes cigarettes and drinks red wine.

subordinating conjunctions
A subordinating conjunction links an independent clause to a dependent clause. In other words, a subordinating conjunction joins two unequivalent clauses (independent and dependent). An independent clause is any clause that can stand alone to form a grammatical sentence. A dependent clause, on the other hand, cannot stand alone and thus 'depends' on the main clause in order to form a complete thought.

The most commonly used subordinate conjunctions:
fume trop
que that
pendant que as, while
quand when
lorsque when
depuis que since (indicating time)
tandis que while, whereas
puisque since
parce que because

Il est évident que Tex fume trop.
(dependent) . ... .(independent)
It is obvious that Tex smokes too much.