Phonology: case studies

By Scott Myers and Megan Crowhurst
Department of Linguistics at the University of Texas

The phonology of a language consists of the patterns of distribution of its speech categories. Phonological analysis is the process of determining what those patterns are, how they can be represented, and why they are the way they are.

This site provides a series of case studies for students learning how to do phonological analysis. The case studies go step-by-step through phonological analyses in three languages - Kinyarwanda, Turkish, and Catalan - with soundfiles and references. These case studies are inspired by the excellent and influential ones in Kenstowicz and Kisseberth's classic (1979) textbook. This resource can be used in conjunction with a textbook on phonology, such as Kenstowicz (1994), Jensen (2004), Odden (2005), or Hayes (2009)


Hayes, B. (2009). Introductory Phonology. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester.

Jensen, J. (2004). Principles of Generative Phonology: An Introduction. John Benjamins, Amsterdam.

Kenstowicz, M. (1994). Phonology in Generative Grammar. Blackwell, Cambridge.

Kenstowicz, M. and C. Kisseberth (1979). Generative Phonology: Description and Theory. Academic, San Diego.

Odden, D. (2005). Introducing Phonology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.