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tex's french grammar
introduction to determiners
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A determiner is a word that determines or qualifies the meaning of a noun by expressing such concepts as quantity or definiteness. There is never more than one determiner per noun and it is always placed before the noun. Determiners always agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.

Articles are the main group of determiners in French. There are three categories of articles: definite, indefinite, and partitive.

Definite articles (le, la,les) are used when the noun is specific. They are all translated as 'the' in English.

Le serveur donne la carte des vins à Tex. The waiter gives the wine list to Tex.

Indefinite articles (un, une,des) introduce nouns that are not specific. They are translated as 'a' or 'an' in English.

Tex choisit un vin. Tex chooses a wine.

Partitive articles (du, de la, del') are used to introduce mass nouns, that is nouns that are conceived of as a mass of indeterminate quantity. They are usually translated as 'some' in English.

Tex boit du vin. Tex drinks some wine.

Demonstrative determiners (ce,cet, cette, ces) point out something, typically something within sight. They may be translated in English as 'this', 'that','these', 'those' depending on the number (singular or plural) and proximity (near or far)

Tex explique: Ce bassin est Barton Spring. Cette piscine s'appelle Deep Eddy. Tex explains: This pool is Barton Springs. This swimming pool is Deep Eddy.

Possessive determiners (mon, ma,mes, etc.) indicate ownership or possession like 'my', 'your' 'his', 'her', 'our', 'their'.

Tex présente sa famille: Voici mon frère Trey, ma soeur Rita avec ses enfants et leur chien Fido. Notre famille est formidable. Tex introduces his family: Here is my brother, Trey, my sister, Rita with her children and their dog Fido. Our family is great.